Analysis and design of a series resonant converter with constant current input and regulated output current

TitleAnalysis and design of a series resonant converter with constant current input and regulated output current
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsWang, H., T. Saha, and R. Zane
Conference Name2017 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)
Date Published03/2017
Conference LocationTampa, FL, USA
ISBN Number978-1-5090-5366-7
Other NumbersPrint on Demand (PoD) ISBN: 978-1-5090-5367-4
Keywordscapacitors, constant current dc distribution, constant current input, converter control method, current distribution, current source power supplies, dc current distribution, electric current control, high efficiency power supply, Impedance, inductors, load distribution, long distance high reliability systems, observation networks, power supplies, power supply quality, Q-factor, regulated current gain, regulated output current, reliability, resonant power convertors, series connected load, series resonant converter, series resonant converters, SRC, Steady-state, switching frequency, telecommunication networks, undersea cabling, zero voltage switching, ZVS

Constant current dc distribution to series connected loads has been preferred for long distance high reliability systems such as undersea cabling for telecommunications and observation networks. In addition, some loads require constant current output, creating a need for high efficiency power supplies that provide a regulated current gain from input current to output current. Series resonant converters (SRCs) are a good candidate with the potential for high output impedance current source output behavior. However, SRCs behave differently with constant current input compared to traditional constant voltage input, a behavior that has not been well studied in the literature. This work presents detailed analysis and design considerations for SRCs operated with constant current input and regulated to provide a constant current output. The converter control method, zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) realization, and approaches to maintain SRC operation at resonance are discussed. The current source property of the SRC offers many advantages such as independence of load voltage, parallel operation and short circuit output protection. Hardware results are presented for a 380 kHz, 450 W prototype SRC with 1 A input current and 0.33 A regulated output current.